by W. F. Haug
7 Stage‑management and representation at a general social and state level, e.g. fascism as pseudo‑socialism
Walter Benjamin in his famous essay ‘The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction’ has shown what importance the ‘aestheticization of politics’ had for fascism.  He pointed out the sophisticated construction of separating need from its expression and pompously developing the mere expression by aesthetic means against the needs and rights of the people. In his words:
Fascism attempts to organize the newly created proletarian masses without affecting the property structure which the masses strive to eliminate. Fascism sees its salvation in giving these masses not their right, but instead a chance to express themselves. Συνέχεια
Ο φασισμός υπήρξε ένα πολιτικό και κοινωνικό φαινόμενο του πρώτου μισού του 20ού αιώνα. Διανύουμε ήδη τη δεύτερη δεκαετία του 21ου αιώνα κι ακόμα αυτό το φάντασμα του φασισμού, αυτή η «φαιά πανούκλα», όπως τον ονόμασε ο Ντανιέλ Γκερέν δεν παύει να μας στοιχειώνει.
Αλλά εδώ χρειάζεται προσοχή. Τι ακριβώς εννοούμε σήμερα όταν λέμε «φασισμός», ποια είναι η σημερινή φασιστική απειλή και ποια σχέση έχει με τα καθεστώτα έκτακτης ανάγκης του μεσοπολέμου που οδήγησαν την ανθρωπότητα στην πιο γενικευμένη πολεμική σύρραξη όλων των εποχών και στο μέχρι τότε αδιανόητο Ολοκαύτωμα; Συνέχεια
by Jonathan Derbyshire
One of the distinctive features of French intellectual life in the post-war period has been the influence of the German philosopher Martin Heidegger (1889-1976). Heidegger’s standing among French philosophers, especially those working in the phenomenological tradition (who are more numerous in France than anywhere else in Europe, let alone the Anglophone world), contrasts dramatically with his reputation in the country of his birth, where his legacy is tainted irredeemably by his political compromises with National Socialism in the 1930s.
The precise nature and extent of those compromises remain a matter of controversy—not least in France, where the murky subject of Heidegger’s political affiliations convulses the intellectual class roughly once a decade. Last week, Nicolas Weill, a journalist at Le Monde, wrote on his blog that the latest volume of Heidegger’s complete works (the Gesamtausgabe), which will be published in Germany in March next year, promises a definitive answer to the question whether “Heidegger was an intellectual led astray by a temporary will to power or whether his political itinerary reflects a more profound tendency”. Συνέχεια
This article outlines what fascism is, how it is growing in the 21st Century United Kingdom, how it has nothing to offer working people and how we can combat it.
This article will outline what fascism is, how it is growing in 21st Century Britain and how it has nothing to offer working people, and how we can combat it.
What is fascism?
As much as the term is bandied about to refer to anything from the behaviour of a strict teacher to the “humour” of Bernard Manning, fascism is quite a specific set of ideas and actions.
Where does it come from? Συνέχεια