The goal of the education of children is not only to teach them, more or less intellectual knowledge, nor only to teach them virtues in the sense of honesty, courage, etc. The functions of any individual, within society, go far beyond the above mentioned: they must learn to work and to consume within the norms demanded by the means of production and the consumption patterns of their group and the society in which they live.
Let us take as an example, to illustrate our point: a primitive society, a tribe that lives on a small island in the middle of the ocean and where fishing is their only means of survival; let us also suppose that the species of fish in those waters require the fishermen’s cooperation and we shall clearly see that the people of such an island must develop the wish to cooperate and the need for a peaceful coexistence. The same is true for certain types of exclusively agricultural societies. If, on the other hand, we use as an example a hunting or warring tribe, whose very life depends on hunting or on the conquest of other tribes, the required characterlogical traits of such societies will be those of aggression, combativeness and pride in individual prowess. Συνέχεια
The increase in corporate profits as a share of GDP would gladden the heart of a robber baron
To express optimism about the developed world labour market in the aftermath of the financial crisis has been a sure way to invite incredulity or derision. But not any more, it seems.
In the US the jobless rate is falling faster than expected, wrongfooting the assumptions on which the Federal Reserve’s new-fangled forward guidance was based. Officials in Brussels are trumpeting falling unemployment in Ireland and Portugal as proof that austerity works. Some see the recent sharp falls in government borrowing costs in the eurozone periphery as an indication that 2014 will be a breakthrough year for the 17 countries of the monetary union. Συνέχεια
George Orwell famously examined the malleability of political language in the hands of society’s rich and powerful. «Political language,» he wrote, «is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind.» Throw in the innovations and conscious attempts to manipulate political language that spew forth from Frank Luntz’s
focus groups and the producers at Fox News,
and it’s pretty clear that Orwell’s insight has been proven correct with a vengeance.
It’s an old cliché that «knowledge is power,» but one could also argue that «power is knowledge.» The powerful have the means to define reality on their terms. Ideas that serve power, such as market fundamentalism, are widely ventilated, while those that don’t get relegated to the dustbin. Just look at the climate change «debate» where the fossil fuel industry and its right-wing shills believe they can trump science through propaganda. Few practices illustrate this phenomenon better than how ruling elites these days inside and outside the corporate media talk about «reform.» For example: Συνέχεια
The Guardian, Wednesday 8 January 2014 21.00 GMT
Rather than being caused by the limitations of the education system, or the absence of role models, the large increase in youth joblessness highlighted by Christina Patterson (Comment, 4 January) is the product of major changes in the economy and occupational structure – changes that have been greatly accentuated by the recession. Just as serious is the situation where, rather than lacking skills, many more young people now find they are underemployed, having ended up in jobs for which they are overqualified, with around 40% of university leavers ending up in non-graduate jobs. Συνέχεια