One fourth of the American work force is employed in «guard labor», not producing anything themselves, but keeping the actual workers in line, according to a studies by economists Samuel Bowles of the Santa Fe Institute and Arjun Jayadev of the University of Massachusetts. Comparing nations, they reported that the greater the amount of inequality in a society, the higher the percentage employed in guard labor.
The following is from an interview with Samuel Bowles in the Santa Fe Reporter.
Inequality leads to an excess of what Bowles calls “guard labor.” In a 2007 paper on the subject, he and co-author Arjun Jayadev, an assistant professor at the University of Massachusetts, make an astonishing claim: Roughly 1 in 4 Americans is employed to keep fellow citizens in line and protect private wealth from would-be Robin Hoods.
Δείτε την αρχική δημοσίευση 563 επιπλέον λέξεις